Trần Nhân Tông 陳仁宗 (1258-1308), Trần Khâm 陳昑

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Trần Nhân Tông 陳仁宗 (1258-1308), Trần Khâm 陳昑
ordained title: Hương Vân đại đầu đà 香雲大頭陀

Trần Nhân Tông (7 December 1258–16 December 1308), given name Trần Khâm, was the third emperor of the Trần dynasty, reigning over Đại Việt from 1278 to 1293. After ceding the throne to his son Trần Anh Tông, Nhân Tông held the title Retired Emperor (Vietnamese: Thái thượng hoàng) from 1294 to his death in 1308. During the second and third Mongol invasions of Đại Việt, the Emperor Nhân Tông and his father the Retired Emperor Thánh Tông were credited as the supreme commanders who led the Trần dynasty to the final victories and since established a long period of peace and prosperity over the country.
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Trúc Lâm Yên Tử (竹林安子), or simply Trúc Lâm (“Bamboo Grove”), is a Vietnamese Thiền (i.e. zen) sect. It is the only native school of Buddhism in Vietnam. The school was founded by Emperor Trần Nhân Tông (1258–1308) showing influence from Confucian and Taoist philosophy. Trúc Lâm’s prestige later waned as Confucianism became dominant in the royal court.
A revival was attempted by later adherents including Ngô Thì Nhậm (1746–1803) during the Tay Son dynasty. Nhậm attempted to harmonize the “Three teachings” of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism.

Lacquered Thien as a Cocktail Zen of Vietnam
D.T. Karuna Trieu

The Patriarchs of Truc Lam Sect
We would like to take this opportunity to introduce to you the legends of the three patriarchs of Truc Lam sect. The presented data on this page is retrieved from the book “Tam To Truc Lam,” written by Zen Master Thich Thanh Tu.


1. Trần Nhân Tông (陳仁宗) 1258-1308, Trần Khâm (陳昑), ordained title: Hương Vân đại đầu đà 香雲大頭陀
2. Pháp Loa (法螺), 1284-1330, Đồng Kiên Cương (同堅剛);
3. Huyền Quang (玄光), 1254-1334, Lý Đạo Tái (李道載);
4. An Tâm (安心);
5. Phù Vân Tĩnh Lự (浮雲靜慮);
6. Vô Trước (無著);
7. Quốc Nhất (國一);
8. Viên Minh (圓明);
9. Đạo Huệ (道惠);
10. Viên Ngộ (圓遇);
11. Tổng Trì (總持);
12. Khuê Sâm (珪琛);
13. Sơn Đăng (山燈);
14. Hương Sơn (香山);
15. Trí Dung (智容);
16. Huệ Quang (慧 光);
17. Chân Trụ (真住);
18. Vô Phiền (無煩).

Truc Lam Dau Da (King Tran Nhan Tong)
The First Patriarch
Trần Nhân Tông 陳仁宗 (1258-1308), Trần Khâm 陳昑, ordained title: Hương Vân đại đầu đà 香雲大頭陀

Borned on November 11th of 1258, his real name was Kham. He was the oldest child of King Tran Thanh Tong and Queen Nguyen Thanh. Even though living in luxury, at young age, his mind was still interested in Zen. At the age of 16, he was promoted as crown prince. He had tried to reject it many times by promoting his brother, but his father would never accept it. He married the oldest daughter of queen Nguyen Tu, who later became queen Kham Tu. Living in happiness at the time, he still preferred to become a monk.

One time at midnight, he left the palace to Yen Tu mountain. At sunrise, he arrived at Thap temple at Dong Cuu mountain. Being too exhausted, he rested in the temple. Noticing his unique characteristics, the abbot offered him good treats. When the King’s father got the news, he urged his men for a search. He was found later on. With no choice, he had to return to the palace.

At the age of 21 (1279), he became king. Even though having the upmost power, he still maintained purification for his Zen practice. Each day, he practiced at Tu Phuoc temple, which located within the city. One day, while taking a lunch nap, he saw from his navel grew a big lotus flower with a golden Buddha’s statue on the top. A man standing by pointed his hand to him and said, “Do you know this Buddha? He’s the Vairocana Buddha (The Great Sun Buddha). After waking up, the King told his father the dream. King Tran Thanh Tong exclaimed for this strange incident.

King Tran Nhan Tong preferred vegetarian foods, therefore, his body was slim. King Thanh Tong noticed his health condition so he asked for the reason. King Nhan Tong confessed his desire for renunciation. King Thanh Tong in tears mourned, “I’m already old. I always count on you. How could you do it? How could you continue the duty of our ancestors by doing that?” King Nhan Tong listened in tears.

King Nhan Tong was quite intelligent and aggressive in learning. He had read many books and understood thoroughly all Buddhist scriptures and other public writings. In his spare times, he liked to discuss Zen with Zen masters or practitioners, especially, High official Tue Trung.* The king’s discernment was at the upmost level. He respected High official Tue Trung as his teacher. When Mongolian invaded the country, he had to put aside his religious interests to concentrate on the national defense. Because our army was united, we were able to defeat Mongolians twice in 1285 and 1288. In his era, there were 2 significant conferences: 1) Of all high-rank generals and officials at Binh Than 2) of all senior citizens at Dien Hong to discuss strategies for national defense.

*Tuệ Trung Thượng Sĩ (慧中上士) (1230–1291) was an influential Buddhist monk and skilled poet of the Thiền (Zen) tradition during the Tran Dynasty in Vietnam. Tue Trung authored treatises on Pure Land and Thien teachings.

In 1293, King Tran Anh Tong became king. For the following six years, he was beside his son to support him in his new role. In October of 1299, he ordained as a monastic monk and stayed at Yen Tu mountain. For the years that he resided at this place, he focussed on ascetic virtues. Thus, his title was “Huong Van Dai Dau Da” (The Great Ascetic monk). Later, he established temples, meditation centers, and performed teachings to other monks and the public. Numbers of them attended his lecturings. Next, he established a lecture hall at Pho Minh temple and performed lecturing there. Several years after, he traveled to Bo Chanh camp. This is where Tri Kien pagoda was built. The First Patriarch decided to stay there until 1304, he traveled around to abolish places with inappropriate worshippings and to teach them the practice of ten precepts. In the winter of that year, King Tran Anh Tong requested him to perform a ritual for his ordainment of Bodhisattva precepts at the palace.

Later, leaned on his wand, he walked to Sung Nghiem temple at Linh Son mountain to propagate Zen sect. On January 1st, he assigned Master Phap Loa to Bao An temple at Sieu Thoai province to perform a ceremony. Three months later, he came to Vinh Nghiem temple at Luong Giang and assigned master Phap Loa to perform a ceremony. This time, the First Patriarch expounded “Truyen Dang Luc” and requested National Advisor Dao Nhat to expound Lotus suttra to the mass. At the end of the retreat season, he returned to Yen Tu mountain and dismissed all laymen and helpers in the temple. He only kept 12 novices, who often followed him to places. One time on Master Phap Loa’s request, he went to Tu Tieu pagoda to expound “Truyen Dang Luc.” At the end, all novices were asked to leave, except master Phap Loa. The First Patriarch then climbed on various places around hut to search for caves. Master Phap Loa curiously asked, “Master, at your old age, you’re still active. If anything happens to you, who could we count on in propagating Buddhist dharmas?” The First Patriarch replied, “Time has come for me, therefore, I want to make a long-term plan.”

On October 5th of that year, a servant of Thien Doan princess arrived. He notified,”Thien Doan princess is critically ill. She would like to see you once again before she passes away.” The First Patriarch sadly replied, “Time has come.” He left with only one novice to see the princess. Five days later, he arrived the palace. After the event, he departed to Sieu Thoai temple on the 15th of the month. Next morning after his arrival at the temple, he walked to a temple at Co Chau village and wrote this verse:

People’s life is on a breath
Their greed is endless
Devil fortress is like a dungeon,
While the Buddha realm is full of joy

On the 17th of that month, he stayed at Sung Nghiem temple at Linh Son mountain. Queen Tuyen Tu invited him to a luncheon at Binh Duong pagoda. He delightedly said, ” This is the last offering.” Next day, he walked to Tu Lam temple at Ky Anh Sanh mountain. Suddenly, he experienced a headache so he immediately called two bhikkhus and asked, “I would like to go up to Ngoa Van mountain, but don’t have energy to do it. What can I do?” They answered, “We could help you, Master.” When they reached to Ngoa Van, he dismissed the two bhikkhus, “Return to the temple and practice. Remember not to underestimate life and death.”

On the 19th day, he asked novice Phap Khong to get to Tu Tieu pagoda at Yen Tu and asked novice Bao Sat to see him. On the next day, Bao Sat departed. When he passed Doanh Tuyen lake, he saw a dark cloud flew from Ngoa Van mountain to Loi Son, then dropped down to Doanh Tuyen. This caused a high water rising. In a moment, it went back to normal level. Next, he saw 2 dragons with sharp eyes popped the heads out of water for a moment, then, they submerged into the water. That night, Bao sat rested in an inn at the foot of the mountain. He had a bad dream.

On the 21st day, he arrived at Ngoa Van pagoda. Seeing him, the First Patriarch smiled, “I’m about to go. Why are you late? If you have anything unclear on Buddhist dharmas, you should ask me now.”

Bao sat asked:
– When Ma Tsu was ill, the rector asked, “How were you for the past several days?” Ma Tsu replied, “The sun is the Buddha, so as the moon.” What does it mean?

The First Patriarch raised his voice:
– What are the five Chinese emperors and three ancient kings?

Bao Sat asked:
– What does it mean by “Flowers blossom as many as silk. Bamboos in the south are as many as those in the north?”

The First Patriarch replied:
– They blind your eyes.

Bao Sat remained silent.

Days later, the sky was dull. Birds circled above with tragic cry.

On the night of November 1st, the sky was clear with sparkling stars. The First Patriarch asked, “What time is it?” Bao Sat replied, “Is midnight, Master.” He lifted the curtain to look at the sky, then said, “It’s time for me to go.” Bao Sat asked, “Where are you going?” He replied:

Nothing was created
Nothing was terminated
If that is understood
The Buddha will always in presence
Where should there be the coming and returning?

Bao Sat asked, “What does it mean by no birth and no termination?”

The First Patriarch slapped Bao Sat in the face and scolded:

– Stop speaking nonsense!

Then, in the posture of lion, he passed away. This was the year of 1308, when he was 51 years old.

Based on the First Patriarch’s will, Master Phap Loa cremated his body and reserved his remains in an ash pot. Later, King Anh Tong and his officials brought his remains back to Duc Lang for worshipping. The king also built a pagoda next to Van Yen temple in Yen Tu mountain. He named it “Hue Quang Kim Thap” (Hue Quang pagoda). Meanwhile, he honored the First Patriarch with the title “Dai Thanh Tran Trieu Truc Lam Dau Da Tinh Tue Giac Hoang Dieu Ngu To Phat.”

The First Patriarch’s writings are:
Thien Lam Thiet Chuy Ngu Luc
Dai Huong Hai An Thi Tap
Tang Gia Toai Su
Thach That Mi Ngu (revised by Master Phap Loa)


Patriarch Truc Lam (1258 -1308)

As a monarch, king Tran Nhan Tong understood Zen fully through the learning from High official Tue Trung. After his renunciation, his ordained title was “Huong Van Dai Dau Da.” He compiled the principles of all popular sects at the time such as Vinitaruci sect, Wu Yen Tong, and Thao Duong to establish a new Zen sect called “Truc Lam Yen tu.” This is a true Vietnamese sect. Here, I just select some outstanding points from his teaching and use them as the principle. One of them is from the verse “Perceiving The Existence and Void”:

Perceiving the existence and void
When creepers dry up, the plant will fall
On top of monks
Injures their heads

Perceiving the existence and void
Autumn wind blows leave trees with no leaf
Uncountable people
Are cut by blades

Perceiving the existence and void
Make principles
Like pounding tiles or burning turtle’s shell,
Climbing mountains or wading across the stream

Perceiving the existence and void
Exists or not exists
Marking the boat to find the sword
Reference a guide book for a good horse

Perceiving the existence and void
This or that
Like snow hat or floral shoes
Clinging to a tree, await the rabbits

Perceiving the existence and void
From the past until now
Attach to the finger to ignore the moon
Drown in the plain ground

Perceiving the existence and void
It has been said
The character eight has two open strokes
Why not seeing the nose?

Perceiving the existence and void
Look to the left and right
Babble all day
Causing noises

Perceiving the existence and void
Always in fear
If cut all creepers,
Walk in pleasantness

We could see from his verse he opposed the obstinance in both side using “existence and void.” But the obstinance in both sides could be illustated by many types: existence and void, right and wrong, good and bad, better and worse, victory and defeat, etc…That obstinance is the cause of conflicts and afflictions, which lead to the effect of suffering and not knowing the truth.

Thus, in these 9 segments of this verse, he scolded and taught us everything. Like in first segment, he said, “On top of monks, injures their heads.” In the second segment, he said, “Uncountable people, are cut with blades.” In the third segment, he said, “Like pounding tiles or burning turtle’s shell, climbing mountains or wading across the streams.” In the fourth segment, “Marking the boat to find the sword, reference a guide book for a good horse.” The fifth segment: “Like snow hat or floral shoes, clinging to a tree, await the rabbits.” The sixth segment: “Attach to the finger to ignore the moon, drown in the plain ground.” The seventh segment: “Character eight has two open strokes, why not seeing the nose?.” The eighth segment: “Babble all day, causing noises.” And the ninth segment: “If cut all creepers, walk in pleasantness.”

In the first and second segments, he scolded that who obstinates in both sides will ask for suffering on himself/herself. In the third and fourth segments, he criticized that whoever obstinates in both sides is foolish. He/she just wasted his/her effort. In the fifth and sixth segment, he scolded that because one obstinates in the expedients, he/she could not discern the truth. In the seventh and eighth segments, he said the truth is so obvious to us like the nose is below the eye brows. We don’t recognize that, therefore, we keep argue. In the ninth segment, he said that whoever could end the obstinance in both sides would attain happiness. This segment portrayed the same idea when patriarch Hui Ko bowed 3 times at patriarch Bodhidharma, then silently left. No obstinance in both sides is the principle of Zen. It’s also the rudiment of Buddhism.

Another verse written by patriarch Truc Lam called “Enjoy The Way In Life.” This verse depicts everything from his discernment to his practice:

Enjoy the Way and live with what comes in life
Eat when hungry, sleep when tired
Our house already has the treasure,so no need to search
Dealing with all matters with no false mind,no need to ask about Zen

Only the last two lines could reflect his enlightenment and his excellent practicing principle. The third line reflects the same idea that patriarch Hui Neng discerned as he exclaimed, “Never known my true nature is always pacified!…” Zen means to arise no mind when dealing with forms; therefore, there should be no affection. This means “No thought.” No mind causes no dwelling in external forms, which means “No form.” No mind causes no attachment to external forms, which means “No dwelling.” The last line of this verse covers all three: no thought, no form, and no dwelling or principle, nature, and basis that were taught by the patriarch. The principle of patriarch Truc Lam as well as Zen is no affection, no dwelling, and no attachment. He brilliantly applied in practice the discernment of patriarch Hui Ko, the realization and practice of patriarch Hui Neng. As their successors, we should feel proud that in Vietnam, there’s is a Zen sect that fully carries the stamp of the patriarchs and proficiently compiles the practicing methods of the ancestors to develop a practicing principle for Vietnamese practitioners.


Zen Master Phap Loa
The Second Patriarch
Pháp Loa (法螺), 1284-1330, Đồng Kiên Cương (同堅剛)

His real name was Dong Kien Cuong. He was borned in 1284 at Cuu La village in Hai Duong province. His father named Dong Thuan Mau and his mother named Vu Tu cuu. Before conceiving him, his mother dreamed of a man giving her a holy sword. She liked it much so she took it. After that day, she realized that she was pregnant. But having 8 daughters discouraged her from having this one, therefore, she tried to abort him. None of the attempts worked. After giving birth to him, she was joyful to name him Kien Cuong. At young age, he portrayed intellect and dignity. He would never make malicious speeches and had no interest in eating meats.

In 1304, the First Patriarch (Dieu Ngu Giac Hoang) traveled around to perform teaching and abolish places with inappropriate worshippings. Age the age of 21, he expressed to the First Patriarch his desire of ordainment. The First Patriarch was pleased at his first sight at Master Phap Hoa. He said, “This man has virtue. He should later be able to propagate Buddhism. Come here…” Master Phap Loa ordained ten commandments at Linh Son. On that day, he was officially called “Thien Lai.” He was sent to study with the most venerable Tanh Giac at Quynh Quan. He raised many questions but could never attain realization. But after reading the dialogue between the Buddha and Patriarch Ananda asking seven questions about the mind, his mind was opened. He said good-bye to the most venerable Tanh Giac to return to the First Patriarch Dieu Ngu. During his lecturings, Master Phap Loa raised several questions to the First Patriarch and the more he asked, the more awakened he was. Realizing his potential, the First patriarch allowed him to be his assistant. One day, he presented 3 verses to the First Patriarch, but got criticized. He raised couple questions, but was told to do self learning. Returned to his room with his head heavy, he stayed up beyond the midnight. When he caught the extinction of the light, he was enlightened. He immediately presented his discernment to the First Patriarch. Unspokenly, the First Patriarch accepted his realization. From that time on, he practiced the twelve ascetic virtues.

In 1305, the First Patriarch took him to Ky Lan to ordain bhikkhu and bodhisattva precepts. Acknowledging his accomplishment in studying and practicing, the First Patriarch gave him a title “Phap Loa.”

When he was 24, he and other 7 novices assisted the First Patriarch to Thien Bao Quan pagoda for his lecture on “Dai Hue Ngu Luc.” In May, the First Patriarch resided at a pagoda on Ngoa Van Phong mountain. After the repentance session on the 15th of the month, he dismissed everyone except Master Phap Loa. He wrote a verse and gave it to Master Phap Loa with his bowl.

On January 1st, he followed the First Patriarch to expound dharma at Sieu Loai temple. Attended the ceremony were King Tran Anh Tong and high officials. After the lecture, the First Patriarch announced him to officially become the abbot of Sieu Thoai temple and the leader of Truc Lam Yen Tu sect or the second patriarch of Truc Lam Yen Tu sect. He also passed to Patriarch Phap Loa over 200 suttras and requested King Tran Anh Tong to donate hundred acres of land to the temple.

In November of that year, the First Patriarch passed away. After taking his remains to the royal palace, Patriarch Phap Loa returned to Yen Tu and revised all verses written by the First Patriarch when he resided at Thach That. It was later called the book of “Thach That Mi Ngu.”

In 1311, he followed the King’s order to write “Dai Tang Kinh.” He appointed Bao Sat to supervise this project. In April, he expounded “Truyen Dang Luc” at Sieu Loai temple. At that time, he accepted all presentations of Master Huyen Quang.

In September of 1313, he followed the King’s order to be at Vinh Nghiem temple. Here, he laid out the position of each monk and the list was recorded in a book. This book was in his possession. At that time, he had overseen over 1000 monks. Every three years, he had to revised their positions and the list again.

For years later, King Tran Minh Tong took the thrown. In February, Patriarch Phap Loa was critically ill. He wrote the mind transmission verse and gave it to Master Huyen Quang along with the First Patriarch’s bowl, his Buddhist props and rod to Canh Ngung, and feather wand to Canh Huy, bamboo rod to Hue Quan, dharma poems and dharma props to Hue Nhien, golden bell to Hai An, and golden history book to Hue Chuc. But several days later, he recovered. Many people from the queen, princess, to royal members had requested for ordainment. Even King Tran Anh Tong could consider to be his student. They competed in donating land, gold, and money to the Patriarch so he could build more temples, make more Buddha statues, and publish more scriptures. The donation was so much to the point that he had to limit the donation amount. He refused to accept a donation from the King: a boat that could facilitate his commute from the temple to the palace and other places.

In 1329, King Tran Hieu Tong became king. In this year, he enhanced and extended the scenery of Con Son and Thanh Mai Son (mountains). They had become the tourist attractions. Here, he had made a verse called “A fond of Thanh Son.”

On February 5th of 1330, he became ill again during his summon at Hoa Nghiem temple. Six days later, his condition got worse. Master Huyen Quang was always beside him for assistant. On his last day, he wrote:

Terminating all factors of this self is pleasantness
Forty years plus are just a long dream
Just remember, not to ask
With the moon and cool wind, there it opens wide

After the last stroke, he threw the pen and pleasantly extincted. He was 47 at that time. His students followed his will to bring his remains to a pagoda Thanh Mai Son. On March 11th, the King Tran Minh Tong in writing gave the title of “Tinh Tri Ton Gia (sage)” and named the pagoda as Vien Thong.” He donated 10 taels of gold to rebuild the pagoda. He also made a tribute through a poem.

Review his religious life, we could see that he had built over 1,300 Buddha statues in various sizes, 2 temples, 5 pagodas, over 200 sangha houses, and coverted over 15,000 monks and nuns. He also published a set of books “Dai Tang Kinh.” Over 3,000 of his students attain the Way, in which, six of them had become the Great Masters.

The Second Patriarch’s writings are:
Doan Sach Luc
Tham Thien Chi Yeu
Kim Cuong Dao Trang Da La Ni Kinh
Tan Phap Hoa Kinh Khoa So
Bat Nha Tam Kinh Khoa
And a verse before his extinction


Zen Master Huyen Quang
The Third Patriarch
Huyền Quang (玄光), 1254-1334, Lý Đạo Tái (李道載)

His birth name was Ly Dao Tai. He was borned in the Year of Tiger (1254) at Van Tai village of Bac Giang province. His father, sir Hue To, was a descent of a bureaucratic family. However he had no interest in fame even though he had earned a merit of winning a battle over Ciampa. His mother, Mrs. Le, was a virtuous lady. They lived south of Ngoc Hoang temple. In the year that Master Huyen Quang was borned, a peculiar thing happened at this temple. One night after a recitation, Zen master Hue Nghia fell to sleep with an interesting dream: His room was bright with lights and packed with numerous Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, and Diamond protectors. Pointed at Ananda, the Buddha said, “You will reborn to disseminate dharmas in the north realm.” A sudden knock on the door had waked him up. He immediately wrote this verse on a wall:

One should not look elsewhere for the Way
The Buddha is our mind and the Buddha mind is profound
Having good dream means good karma
This life should meet a companion

At young age, he looked abnormal. He always carried high goals. He was filled much of love from his parents. They taught him literature as well as engaged him in other learning activities. His intelligence was far extent. In the reign of King Tran Anh Tong (1274), he earned a first doctoral degree at the age of 21. Even though he was engaged at the time, the King would like him to marry the princess. But Master Huyen Quang refused. Later on, he was pointed as an official to work in the academy in conjunction of greeting Chinese ambassadors. They quite respected his talent and knowledge.

One day, he followed King Tran Anh Tong to Vinh Nghiem at Phung Nhan district to listen to Zen Master Phap Loa’s lecture. Suddenly, he was awakened to say, “Being an official, I could reach to fairyland. If I attained the Way, I could reach to Pho Da mountain. The fairyland in this world is just at immortal level, but the western realm is the Buddha realm. The wealth and nobility are like autumn leaves or summer white clouds. What is there for me to hold on to?” After a few times submitting his resignation letters, the King finally granted his request. In 1305, he ordained with monastic name “Huyen Quang” at Vinh Nghiem temple and became the First Patriarch’s assistant.

In 1309, he assisted Zen Master Phap Loa after the First Patriarch’s extinction. Later on, he stayed at Van Yen temple at Yen Tu mountain. His profound dharma knowledge and wiseness had attracted many people from all places. Thousands of them gathered for dharma inquiries. He also was assigned to lecture at various places and responsible for notating the First Patriarch’s lectures and editing all other writings.

On January 15th of 1313, King Tran Anh Tong invited him to expound Suramgama suttra at Bao An temple. After the lecture, he requested to return home to visit his parents. On this journey, he established a new temple called Dai Bi located west of their house.

At the age of 60, he returned to Van Yen temple. To examine his virtue, the King assigned Diem Bich, an imperial servant, to spy on him. She used different tricks to provoke his compassion and made false reports to the King. His reputation was damaged. But later on, the King realized the truth about the Master. Therefore, Diem Bich was punished to become a janitor at Canh Linh palace.

In 1317, he was bequeathed a Zen transmission from Zen Master Phap Loa (the second Patriarch of Truc Lam sect).

In 1330, after Zen master Phap Loa’s extinction, Zen Master Huyen Quang officially became the third patriarch of Truc Lam Yen Tu sect. He was 77 at that time. Dued to his old age, he could not be active in leading the sangha. Therefore, he designated Master Quoc An (the National Advisor) to be in charge. Meanwhile, he returned to a temple at Con Son.

He stayed at Thanh Mai Son for six years. Then, he moved Con Son to perform teaching. On January 23rd of 1334, he extincted at the age of 80.

King Tran Minh Tong conferred the Master with the title of “The Third Great Zen Master of Truc Lam Sect” and “Tu Phap Huyen Quang Ton Gia (sage).”

The Third Patriarch’s writings are:
Ngoc Tien Tap
Chu Pham Kinh
Cong Van Tap
Pho Tue Ngu luc


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